Presenting

2018

Upcoming | AIESEP (Edinburgh, Scotland)

Upcoming | ECSS2018 (Dublin, Ireland)

Upcoming | CHI 2018 (Montréal, Canada)

Upcoming | ISEA2018 (Brisbane, Australia)

Upcoming | Vitality Academy Hackaton (Den Bosch, The Nederlands)

Upcoming | Quantified Student Conference (Eindhoven, The Netherlands)

 

2017

12/2017 | Sportinnovator XL event (Den Haag, The Nederlands)

11/2017 | AIESEP (Guadeloupe)

11/2017| Keynote at Play the Game Conference (Eindhoven, The Netherlands)

11/2017 | Dag van het Sportonderzoek (Zwolle, The Netherlands)

11/2017 | Najaarsbijeenkomst RVC en Sport Alliantie (Rosmalen, The Netherlands)

10/2017 | Dutch Design Week (Eindhoven, The Netherlands)

10/2017 | 2de Sportinnovatiecongres (Brugge, Belgium)

10/2017 | Kick-off Partnerships (Eindhoven, The Netherlands).

10/2017 | Kick-off Salto Gezond in beweging (Eindhoven, The Netherlands).

10/2017 | Professoren op het podium (Eindhoven, The Netherlands).  Parktheater.

10/2017 | De aanloop – marathoninnovatie (Eindhoven, The Netherlands).  Parktheater.

10/2017 | Nationale Sport Innovatie Congres 2017 (Eindhoven, The Netherlands).

09/2017 | VSG-congres 2017 (Arnhem, The Netherlands).  Sport en en bewegen in de openbare ruimte. https://sportengemeenten.nl/agenda-item/vsg-congres-2017-gamechanger/

07/2017 | Designing for vitality of the mass (Tsukuba, Japan).

05/2017 | Dutch Technology Week (Eindhoven, The Netherlands)

05/ 2017 | CHI2017 “Human factors in computing systems” (Denver, USA). Design for Balanced Engagement in Mixed Level Sports Teams (Bogers, Megens & Vos) (https://chi2017.acm.org)

05/2017 | Sporttechie meet up (Ghent, Belgium) (https://www.meetup.com/nl-NL/Sporttechie-Belgium/events/237675478/ )

04/2017 | ACHC symposium “mobile health” (Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

03/2017 | ISB-congres 2017 (Kortrijk, Belgium). Sports, technology and governance (http://www.isbvzw.be/nl/551/content/9202/over-het-isb-congres-2017.html)

03/2017 | VVBN-symposium (2017). Technologie in Beweging.

 

Previous presentations at (inter)national congresses/conferences

van Renswouw. L., Bogers, S., & Vos, S. (2016). Urban planning for active and healthy public spaces with user-generated big data. Data for Policy 2016, Cambridge.

Vos, S., Janssen, M.A., Goudsmit, J., Lauwerijssen, C. & Brombacher, A.C. (2016). From problem to solution: Developing a personalized smartphone application for recreational runners following a three-step design approach.  ISEA Conference 2016, July 11-14, Delft (The Netherlands).

Vos, S. (2016).  Active and vital people/cities: A need for multidisciplinairy and data-driven approaches.  Alliantiedag  TU/e-UU, Juni 30, Eindhoven (The   Netherlands).

Borghouts, L.B., Slingerland, M. & Vos, S.B. (2016). Exploring constructive alignment in PE in the Netherlands.  AIESEP International Conference 2016, June 8-11, Wyoming (USA).

Slingerland, M., Weeldenburg, G., Raijmakers, B., Borghouts, L. & Vos, S.B. (2016). Authentic learning tasks within physical education teacher education. AIESEP International Conference 2016, June 8-11, Wyoming (USA).

Weeldenburg, G., Borghouts, L., Slingerland, M. & Vos, S.B. (2016). Motivational climate in (sport)games physical education lessons. AIESEP International Conference 2016, June 8-11, Wyoming bands).

Vos, S. (2016). Cities of today, cities of tomorrow: Active, vital and smart? EPSI Conference 2016, June 6-7, Eindhoven (The Netherlands).

Oomen, J., Arts, D., & Vos, S. (2016). Improving the algorithm of the Active activity monitor for energy expenditure during walking and running: a stepwise approach. Science and  Engineering Conference on Sports Innovations (SECSI) 2016, April  8, Amsterdam (The Netherlands).

Megens, C., Neutelings, I., van Hout, B., Janssen, M., & Vos, S. (2016). Run!, Developing a high tech  running path in the   park. Science and  Engineering Conference on Sports Innovations (SECSI) 2016, April 8, Amsterdam (The Netherlands).

Goudsmit, J., Janssen, M., Lauwerijssen, C., Brombacher, A. & Vos, S. (2016). Designing a smartphone application which provides personalized guidance and feedback for novice runners. Science and Engineering Conference on Sports Innovations (SECSI) 2016, April 8, Amsterdam (The Netherlands).

Vos S., Janssen, M., Goudsmit, J., Bovens, J., & Lauwerijssen, C. (2015). Creating light and personalised running experiences: an app development Study. European Sport Management Conference 2015, September 9-12, Dublin (Ireland).

Janssen, M., Vos, S., Brombacher, A., & Scheerder, J. (2015). Determinants of the use of mobile Phone applications and sport watches among runners. European Sport Management Conference 2015, September 9-12, Dublin (Ireland).

Oomen, J., Arts, D., & Vos, S. (2015). Validation of the activity monitor Activ8: energy expenditure during walking and running. 4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement 2015 (ICAMPAM), June 10-12, Limerick (Ireland).

Moresi, S., Janssen, S., Chudy, N., Vos, S., & Backerra, V. (2015). Exercise buddy as a driver for motivation?! What are the effects of a custom designed exercise program on motivation and enjoyment to be physically active in children with obesity. 14th Conference of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), June 3-6, Edinburgh (Scotland).

Janssen, M., Backerra, V., Sleddens, S., & Moresi, S. (2015). Sport Motivation Scale Adolescent (SMSA)Toward a new measure of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation in sport participation for adolescents. 14th Conference of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), June 3-6, Edinburgh (Scotland).

Thibaut, E., Borgers, J., Vandermeerschen, H., Vos, S., & Scheerder, J. (2014). The cost of sports participation. Light sports versus club sports. Changing landscapes in sport. Dynamics, hybridities and resistance (Book of abstracts of the 11th EASS Conference). EASS Conference. Utrecht, 7-10 May 2014, 99-100.

Borgers, J., Thibaut, E., Vandermeerschen, H., Vos, S., & Scheerder, J. (2014). Sport light, a matter of time? A study on the influence of organisational contexts on the time-investment in sports participation. Changing landscapes in sport. Dynamics, hybridities and resistance (Book of abstracts of the 11th EASS Conference). EASS Conference. Utrecht, 7-10 May 2014, 48-49.

Vos, S., Janssen, M., Brombacher, A., & Scheerder, J. (2014). Running events: drivers for sensible and sustainable running? A study on event runners’ types in relation to health related services. Changing landscapes in sport. Dynamics, hybridities and resistance (Book of abstracts of the 11th EASS Conference). EASS Conference. Utrecht, 7-10 May 2014, 49-49.

Thibaut, E., Scheerder, J., Van Puyenbroeck, T., & Vos, S. (2014). Participating in cycling, at what cost? Determinants of cycling expenses. European Conference on Sports Economics. Antwerp, 3-5 September 2014.

Arts, D., Oomen, J., Borghouts, L. & Vos, S. (2014). Actief met de Aciv8? Een validatiestudie naar de beweegmeter Aciv8, Posterpresentatie symposium ‘Wat u Beweegt’, Expertisecentrum Innovatieve Zorg en Technologie, Heerlen.

Winand, M., Hoeber, L., Zintz, T., Vos, S., & Scheerder, J. (2014). Innovation capability of non-profit sport organisations. European Academy of Management Conference (EURAM) ‘Waves and winds of strategic leadership for sustainable competitiveness’. Valencia, 4-6 June 2014.

Janssen, M., Vos, S., Brombacher, A., & Scheerder, J. (2014). Determining the use and interest in health-related services and products by event runners. Book of abstracts. Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Amsterdam, 2-5 July, 151.

Borgers, J., Scheerder, J., Vanreusel, B., & Vos, S. (2014). Onderzoek naar het aanbod en gebruik van Finse pistes in Vlaanderen. Een leven lang sportief en gezond (Abstractboek 4de Dag van het Sportonderzoek 2013). Dag van het Sportonderzoek 2013 ‘Een leven lang sportief en gezond’. Eindhoven, 7 november 2013, 39.

Scheerder, J., Borgers, J., Vanreusel, B., & Vos, S. (2014). Geen loopcultuur zonder lichte loopinfrastructuur? Een studie naar het aanbod en gebruik van Finse pistes in Vlaanderen. Symposium van het Steunpunt Beleidsrelevant Onderzoek Sport. Brussel, 25 maart 2014.

Thibaut, E., Scheerder, J., & Vos, S. (2014). De determinanten van uitgaven aan fietssport. Een leven lang sportief en gezond (Abstractboek 4de Dag van het Sportonderzoek 2013). Dag van het Sportonderzoek 2013 ‘Een leven lang sportief en gezond’. Eindhoven, 7 november 2013, 34.

Vos, S., Walravens, R., Hover, P., & Scheerder, J. (2014). Voor de pret of de prestatie? Typologieën van evenementlopers op basis van hun houdingen en motieven. Een leven lang sportief en gezond (Abstractboek 4de Dag van het Sportonderzoek 2013). Dag van het Sportonderzoek 2013 ‘Een leven lang sportief en gezond’. Eindhoven, 7 november 2013, 40.

Moresi, S., & Vos, S. (2013). ‘Een stapje verder …’ Bewegen als bruggenbouwer tussen zorg en zelfredzaamheid. Presentatie inspiratiedag ‘Wat u Beweegt’, Expertisecentrum Innovatieve Zorg en Technologie.

Moresi, S. & Vos, S. (2013). ‘Een stapje verder …’ Bewegen als bruggenbouwer tussen zorg en zelfredzaamheid. Presentatie inspiratiedag ‘Wat u Beweegt’, Expertisecentrum Innovatieve Zorg en Technologie, Heerlen.

Moresi, S. & Vos, S. (2013). ‘Gezonde leefstijl deel 2: een “leven lang bewegen” over de zorgketen heen. Presentatie symposium EIZT op Kennis in bedrijf, Hogeschool Zuyd, Heerlen.

Scheerder, J., Arts, M., Borgers, J., de Carvalho, M., Geeraert, A., Meganck, J., Thibaut, E., van Poppel, M., Vandermeerschen, H., & Vos, S. (2013). Beleidsgericht sociaalwetenschappelijk sport- en bewegingsonderzoek aan de KU Leuven – Onderzoeksgroep Sport- & Bewegingsbeleid. Een overzicht. Ontmoetingsdag Onderzoek & Overheid / KU Leuven – Vlaamse overheid. Brussel, 28 februari 2013

Scheerder, J., Vandermeerschen, H., Borgers, J., Thibaut, E., & Vos, S. (2013). Vlaanderen sport! Vier decennia sportbeleid en sportparticipatie. Hoorzitting in het Vlaams Parlement. Brussel, 25 april 2013.

Scheerder, J., Vandermeerschen, H., Borgers, J., Thibaut, E., & Vos, S. (2013). Vlaanderen sport! Vier decennia sportbeleid en sportparticipatie. Gedachtewisseling met de leden van de Vlaamse Sportraad. Antwerpen, 11 april 2013.

Scheerder, J., Vanreusel, B., Vos, S., & Borgers, J. (2013). Onderzoek naar het aanbod en gebruik van Finse pistes in Vlaanderen. Studiedag van het Steunpunt Beleidsrelevant Onderzoek Sport. VUBrussel, 3 september 2013.

Vandermeerschen, H., Vos, S., & Scheerder, J. (2013). Towards level playing fields? A time trend analysis of the social stratification of club organised sports participation among adolescents from 1989 to 2009. Play the Game Conference ‘Stepping up for democracy in sport’. Aarhus, 28-31 October 2013.

Vos, S. (2013). Move to Be: Slimme oplossingen voor verantwoord en duurzaam bewegen (Lectorale rede). Eindhoven: Fontys Sporthogeschool.

Vos, S., & Brombacher A. (2013). Running High Tech. Nationale Sportinnovatie Congres 2013. Eindhoven, 10 oktober 2013.

Borgers, J., Thibaut, E., Vandermeerschen, H., Vanreusel, B., Vos, S., & Scheerder, J. (2012). Sport participation styles revisited. Validation of a market orientation on light forms of sport. Sport in globalised societies. Changes and challenges. Conference of the European Association for Sociology of Sport. Bern, 20-23 June 2012, 124.

Scheerder, J., Vandermeerschen, H., & Vos, S. (2012). Social stratification of sports. Changes in the sport pyramid between 1969 and 2009. Sport in globalised societies. Changes and challenges. Sport in globalised societies. Changes and challenges. Bern, 20-23 June 2012, 129.

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2012). De fitnesssector in het Vlaamse sportlandschap. Van vreemde eend tot trendsetter (deel1). Fitness & Science Convention van de Faculteit Bewegings- en Revalidatiewetenschappen (FaBeR). Leuven, 23 maart 2012.

Vandermeerschen, H., Vos, S., & Scheerder, J. (2012). Equal access for all? An analysis of the social stratification of sport participation inside and outside sport clubs. Sport in globalised societies. Changes and challenges. Sport in globalised societies. Changes and challenges. Bern, 20-23 June 2012, 130

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2012). De fitnesssector in het Vlaamse sportlandschap. Van vreemde eend tot trendsetter (deel 2). Fitness & Science Convention van de Faculteit Bewegings- en Revalidatiewetenschappen (FaBeR). Leuven, 23 maart 2012.

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2012). Haven voor sportclubs? Kenmerken, ontwikkelingen en positionering van de clubgeorganiseerde sport in Antwerpen en Vlaanderen. Opleidings- & Visievormingsdag van de stad Antwerpen/vzw Antwerpen Sportstad en Sport & Recreatie ‘Sportclub van de toekomst’. Antwerpen, 19 april 2012.

Winand, M., Vos, S., Zintz, T., & Scheerder, J. (2012). Determinants of service innovation. A typology of sport federations. European Academy of Management Conference (EURAM) ‘Sport as a Business’. Rotterdam, 6-8 June 2012.

Thibaut, E., Vos, S., Lagae, W., Boen, F., & Scheerder, J. (2011). Expenditures on sports apparel. A comparison between mountainbikers, bicycle racers and recreational bikers. Commitment in sport management (Book of abstracts). Conference of the European Association for Sport Management (EASM). Madrid, 7-10 September 2011, 127-128.

Vandermeerschen, H., Scheerder, J., Vos, S., Boen, F., Thibaut, E., & Pelssers, J. (2011). Sports for All at all ages? Social determinants and benefits of sport participation among elderly people from a welfare perspective. People in motion. Bridging the local and global (Book of Abstracts of the 8th EASS Conference). European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference (EASS). Umeå, 18-22 May 2011, 116.

Winand, M., Scheerder, J., Zintz, T., Vos, S., & Hoeber, L. (2011). Service innovation in non-profit sport organizations. Towards a conceptual framework. Commitment in sport management (Book of abstracts). Conference of the European Association for Sport Management (EASM). Madrid, 7-10 September 2011, 83.

Vos, S., Scheerder, J., Breesch, D., Kesenne, S., Lagae, W., Van Hoecke, J. & Vanreusel, B. (2011). De aanbodzijde van de sportmarkt op lokaal niveau: eigenheid, gelijkenissen en interorganisationele verhoudingen. Studiedag van het Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek Cultuur, Jeugd & Sport ‘SPORT’. Brussel, 10 mei 2011.

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2011). Opleidings- en competentiebeleid in de Vlaamse fitnesssector. Sleutel tot succes. Publieksmoment Fitcijn het betere Medicijn. Edegem, 4 maart 2011.

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2011). Een profielanalyse van de sportvrijwilliger in Vlaanderen. Academische zitting ‘Vrijwilligers in de sport’. Zwalm, 16 februari 2011.

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2011). Sportdeelname bij 55-plussers. Studiedag van het Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek Cultuur, Jeugd & Sport ‘Resultaten participatiesurvey 2009’. Gent, 9 februari 2011.

Scheerder, J., Boen, F., Vos, S., Pelssers, J., Thibaut, E. & Vandermeerschen, H. (2011). Ouderen in-actie(f)? Sportdeelname en sportbehoeften van 55-plussers in Vlaanderen. OKRA-Studiedag ’55-plus: tussen sporten en bewegen’. Brussel, 8 februari 2011.

Scheerder, J., Vos, S., Pabian, S., De Martelaer, K., Lefevre, J. & Philippaerts, R. (2011). Actieve vrijetijdssport in Vlaanderen. Trends, profielen en settings. Studiedag van het Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek Cultuur, Jeugd & Sport ‘Resultaten participatiesurvey 2009’. Gent, 9 februari 2011.

Scheerder, J., Vos, S., Pabian, S., De Martelaer, K., Lefevre, J. & Philippaerts, R. (2011). Actieve vrijetijdssport in Vlaanderen. Trends, profielen en settings. Vlaams Parlement / Commissie Cultuur, Jeugd, Sport & Media. Brussel, 27 april 2011.

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2011). Het vrijwilligerswerk in het Vlaamse sportlandschap. Vrijwilligersprofiel en beleidsuitdagingen. Panathlon causerie ‘Vrijwilligerswerk in de sport in Vlaanderen’. Sint-Niklaas, 24 februari 2011

Scheerder, J., Vos, S., & Vandermeerschen, H. (2011). Sport participation in Europe. From facts to sheets. People in motion. Bridging the local and global (Book of Abstracts of the 8th EASS Conference). European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference (EASS). Umeå, 18-22 May 2011, 64.

Vos, S., & Scheerder, J. (2011). Regulation and provision of sports at the grassroots level by local sports authorities. Role ambiguity?. People in motion. Bridging the local and global (Book of Abstracts of the 8th EASS Conference). European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference (EASS). Umeå, 18-22 May 2011, 136.

Winand, M., Vos, S., Zintz, T., & Scheerder, J. (2011). A typology of sport federations. Determinants of service innovation. Commitment in sport management (Book of abstracts). Conference of the European Association for Sport Management (EASM). Madrid, 7-10 September 2011, 79-80.

Winand, M., Scheerder, J., Vos, S., Zintz, T., & Hoeber, L. (2011). Service innovation in non-profit sport organizations. European Academy of Management Conference (EURAM) ‘Management Culture in the 21st Century’. Tallinn, 1-4 June.

Scheerder, J., & Vos, S. (2010). Sport participation in Europe. Preliminary analysis of fact sheets. Expert Meeting on Sport Participation in Europe (MEASURE). Leuven, 13-14 October 2010.

Scheerder, J. w.c.o. Vos, S. (2010). Trends in sport participation. Changes and challenges for golf (Paper presented at the 2nd National Golf Management Conference; Thermae Palace; Ostend; November 26, 2010).

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2010). Cross sector relationships in the supply of sport at a local level. Cooperations between non-profit and commercial sport providers (Paper presented at the 7th Conference of the European Association for the Sociology of Sport (EASS) ‘A social perspective on sport, health & environment’; University of Porto; Porto; May 5-9, 2010).

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2010). Flemish sport clubs and their resource dependencies: a case of isomorphism?(Paper presented at the 7th Conference of the European Association for the Sociology of Sport (EASS) ‘A social perspective on sport, health & environment’; University of Porto; Porto; May 5-9, 2010).

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2010). Sport participation in a time-trend perspective: results from a 40-year follow-up study (Paper presented at the 7th Conference of the European Association for the Sociology of Sport (EASS) ‘A social perspective on sport, health & environment’; University of Porto; Porto; May 5-9, 2010).

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2010). Households in Flanders and their expenditures on sport (Paper presented at the 2nd European Conference in Sport Economics 2010, Cologne, 5-6 October 2010).

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2010). The value of human resources in non-public sport providers: The importance of volunteers in sport club versus professionals in fitness and health clubs (Paper presented at the 2nd European Conference in Sport Economics 2010, Cologne, 5-6 October 2010).

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2010). Sport voor Allen. Socio-economische aspecten van sport. 2de Studiedag Steunpunt Cultuur, Jeugd & Sport (CJS). Brussel, 10 september 2010.

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2010). De fitnesssector in beeld. Resultaten uit het onderzoek naar de evolutie, omvang en kenmerken van fitness in Vlaanderen. Fitness & Science Convention. Leuven, 30 april 2010.

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2010). Competentiebeleid in de Vlaamse fitnesssector. Eerste resultaten uit het onderzoek in het kader van het Coach Fitness Project. Fitness & Science Convention. Leuven, 30 april 2010.

Scheerder, J., Vos, S., Pabian, S. & Pauwels, G. (2010). Sport werkt! De Vlaamse sportarbeidsmarkt in beeld. Congres Vlaams Instituut voor Sportbeheer & Recreatiebeleid (ISB) ‘Lokaal sportbeleid. We maken er samen werk van!’. Oostende, 17-18 maart 2010.

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S., m.m.v. Breesch, D., Lagae, W. & Van Hoecke, J. (2009). The Flemish fitness industry. Interorganisational relationships in a market. Poster voorgesteld op de Steunpunt Cultuur, Jeugd en Sport-studiedag ‘Gender in beweging’, Brussel, 26 november 2009.

Vos, S. & Scheerder, J. (2009). Sport voor Allen. Socio-economische aspecten van sport. 1ste Studiedag Sport Steunpunt Cultuur, Jeugd & Sport (CJS). Gent, 16 februari 2009.

Scheerder, J. & Vos, S. (2009). Sportbestuur en sportbegeleiding in mannen- en vrouwenhanden. Een gelijkspel?. 2de Studiedag Steunpunt Cultuur, Jeugd & Sport ‘Gender in beweging’. Brussel, 26 november 2009

Scheerder, J., Vos, S., & Taks, M. (2008). Expenditure on sports apparel: an analysis of adults’ consumption. Paper presented at the 16th Congress of the European Association for Sport Management (EASM) ‘Management at the Heart of Sport’, Heidelberg, 10-13 September 2008.

Vos, S., Scheerder, J., Boen, F., & Feys, J. (2008). A typology of runners: implications for marketing strategies. Paper presented at the 16th Congress of the European Association for Sport Management (EASM) ‘Management at the Heart of Sport’, Heidelberg, 10-13 September 2008).

Vos, S. (2007). Services and facilities for accessible tourism in Europe. Paper presented at the ENAT international tourism for all congress, Valencia (Spain), 21-23 november 2007.

Vos, S. (2006). A successful local policy on accessibility: the combined action of different actors and the covenant-method as a good practice. Paper presented at the POLIS/BAS International Conference ‘Universal Design of Buildings: Tools and Policy’, Bruges, 16-17 November 2006.

Vos, S. & Veitch, C. (2006). Learning from best practices in Accessible Tourism. Paper presented at the ENAT Inaugural General Meeting, Brussels, 11 May 2006.

Vos, S. (2005). Results of the Ossate Accessible Tourism Information Scheme Survey. Paper presented at the 2nd International OSSATE workshop on the development of Accessible Tourism Information Services in Europe, Athens (Greece), 8-9 September 2005.

Vos, S. (2004). Disability Policy in Flanders. Paper presented at the student seminar, Hameenlinna (Finland), 9 March 2004.

Vos, S. (2004). People with disabilities: some results of life course research. Paper presented at the National Finnish Conference, Hameenlinna (Finland), 8 March 2004.

Vos, S. (2003). The impact of barriers and resources on the carreer development of people with disabilities. Paper presented at the 6th EUSE Conference ‘Empowering People and Societies’, Helsinki (Finland), 21-23 May 2003.

Nicaise, I. & Vos, S. (2001). Regional mismatch: The Belgian experience. Paper presented at the European Observatory Conference, Stockholm (Sweden), 31 May – 01 June 2001